Its All about Pj Problem Strings (SiPjAjk) - 7 Spaces Of Interest (Si) and their associated Basic Sequences; 7 Pj Problems of Interest (PPI) and their Alleles (Ajk)

Expressions Of Pj Problems.

Pj Problems - Overview
Celestial Stars As Expressions Of Pj Problems
The Number Line As Expression Of Pj Problems
Geometries As Expressions Of Pj Problems
7 Spaces Of Interest - Overview
Triadic Unit Mesh
Creation As Expression Of Pj Problems
The Atom As Expression Of Pj Problems
Survival As Expression Of Pj Problems
Energy As Expression Of Pj Problems
Light As Expression Of Pj Problems
Heat As Expression Of Pj Problems
Sound As Expression Of Pj Problems
Music As Expression Of Pj Problems
Language As Expression of Pj Problems
Stories As Expressions of Pj Problems
Work As Expression Of Pj Problems
States Of Matter As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Buoyancy As Expression Of Pj Problems
Nuclear Reactions As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Molecular Shapes As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Electron Configurations As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Chemical Bonds As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Energy Conversion As Expression Of Pj Problems
Chemical Reactions As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Electromagnetism As Expression Of Pj Problems
Continuity As Expression Of Pj Problems
Growth As Expression Of Pj Problems
Human-cells As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Proteins As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Nucleic Acids As Expressions Of Pj Problems
COHN - Nature's Engineering Of The Human Body
The Human-Body Systems As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Vision As Expression Of Pj Problems
Walking As Expression Of Pj Problems
Behaviors As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Sensors' Sensings As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Beauty As Expression Of Pj Problems
Faith, Love, Charity As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Photosynthesis As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Weather As Expression Of Pj Problems
Systems As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Algorithms As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Tools As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Networks As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Search As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Differential Calculus As Expression Of Pj Problems
Antiderivative As Expression Of Pj Problems
Integral Calculus As Expression Of Pj Problems
Economies As Expresions Of Pj Problems
Inflation As Expression Of Pj Problems
Markets As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Money Supply As Expression Of Pj Problems
Painting As Expressions Of Pj Problems
Molecular Shape - Bond Lengths And Bond Angles (2)

(1) The general representative string for the structure of matter and the implicit string that establishes the structure were indicated in a previous problem. Here, we examine specific concepts associated with the covalent bonding that establishes molecular shapes.

(a) Will a substance with electronegativity of 3.0 covalently bond with another substance with electronegativity of 0.9? Represent this bonding with strings
(b) Will a substance with electronegativity of 2.1 covalently bond with a substance with electronegativity of 3.0? Represent this bonding with strings.
(c) What is the nature of the covalent bonding between two substances with the same electronegativity.
(d) What is the difference between a polar molecule and a dipole.
(e) Define bond length and bond angle. Write representative strings for each.

1(a) The electronegativity of an atom in a covalent bond is a measure of its ability to draw bonding electrons to itself. In a covalent bond, the electrons shared are closer to the atom with the higher electronegativity. Chlorine (Cl) has electronegativity of 3.0. Sodium (Na) has electronegativity of 0.9. The absolute difference in electronegativity is significantly high so as to cause a complete transfer of electron to chlorine. Consequently an ionic bond is formed. A covalent bond is not formed.
(S7P3A31)chlorine >> (very much greater) (S7P3A31)sodium
1(b) Hydrogen has electronegativity of 2.1. Chlorine has electronegativity of 3.0. The absolute electronegativity difference is not large enough to cause a complete transfer of electrons. So a covalent bond is formed. However, the shared electrons are closer to the chlorine atom. In general, sharing of electrons will occur if the absolute difference in electronegativity is less than 1.7. The atom with the higher electronnegativity will draw the shared electrons closer to itself. The electrons are equally shared between atoms with the same electronegativity (i.e difference is zero).
(S7P3A31)chlorine > (S7P3A31)hydrogen
1(c) The shared electrons are equally shared.
(S7P3A31)x= (S7P3A31)y.
1(d) A polar molecule is a dipole. A polar molecule is formed when the bonding electrons spend more time near one atom than the other usually as a result of difference in electronegativity. Consequently, there is a partially positive charge region and partially negative charge region in the molecule.
Bond length is the normal distance between the nuclei of bonding atoms. Representative string is
(S7P1A12)bond length.
Bond angle is the angle formed by two bond axes (bond axis is the line connecting the nuclei of two bonded atoms) extending from the same atom.
An angle in radians is a ratio of arc length and radius length. So its representative string is
(S7P1A12)arc length/(S7P1A12)radius length. The center of the circle is the nuclei of the atom from which the bond axes extend.

Mind Warm Ups

The point . is a mathematical abstraction. It has negligible size and a great sense of position. Consequently, it is front and center in abstract existential reasoning.
Single Variable Functions
Conics
Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs)
Vector Spaces
Real Numbers


The Universe is composed of matter and radiant energy. Matter is any kind of mass-energy that moves with velocities less than the velocity of light. Radiant energy is any kind of mass-energy that moves with the velocity of light.
Periodic Table
Composition And Structure Of Matter
How Matter Gets Composed
How Matter Gets Composed (2)
Molecular Structure Of Matter
Molecular Shapes: Bond Length, Bond Angle
Molecular Shapes: Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion
Molecular Shapes: Orbital Hybridization
Molecular Shapes: Sigma Bonds Pi Bonds
Molecular Shapes: Non ABn Molecules
Molecular Orbital Theory
More Pj Problem Strings

What is Time?
St Augustine On Time
Bergson On Time
Heidegger On Time
Kant On Time
Sagay On Time
What is Space?
Newton On Space
Space Governance
Leaders
Imperfect Leaders
Essence Of Mathematics
Toolness Of Mathematics
The Number Line
Variables
Equations
Functions
The Windflower Saga
Who Am I?
Primordial Equilibrium
Primordial Care
Force Of Being
Forgiveness

Blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed. John 20:29

TECTechnic Logo, Kimberlee J. Benart | © 2000-2016 | All rights reserved | Founder and Site Programmer, Peter O. Sagay.