Expressions Of Pj Problems

Pj Problems - Overview

Celestial Stars

The Number Line

Geometries

7 Spaces Of Interest - Overview

Triadic Unit Mesh

Creation

The Atom

Survival

Energy

Light

Heat

Sound

Music

Language

Stories

Work

States Of Matter

Buoyancy

Nuclear Reactions

Molecular Shapes

Electron Configurations

Chemical Bonds

Energy Conversion

Chemical Reactions

Electromagnetism

Continuity

Growth

Human-cells

Proteins

Nucleic Acids

COHN - Natures Engineering Of The Human Body

The Human-Body Systems

Vision

Walking

Behaviors

Sensors Sensings

Beauty

Faith, Love, Charity

Photosynthesis

Weather

Systems

Algorithms

Tools

Networks

Search

Differential Calculus

Antiderivative

Integral Calculus

Economies

Inflation

Markets

Money Supply

Painting

Pascal's Principle - Pascal On Pressure In Liquids

(a) One pushes the brake pedal in a car with a hydraulic brake system and the car comes to a halt. How does figure 123.1 explain this observation?

(b) Name other scenarios where one observes Pascal's Principle in action.

**The strings**:
S_{7}P_{3}A_{32} (Force - Push).
**The math**:

Pj Problem of Interest is of type *force* (push). Pressure is force per unit area.

(a) Figure 123.1 illustrates Pascal's Principle which states that *pressure applied to an enclosed liquid of any shape is transmitted evenly throughout*.

Where pressure = Force/Area.

So the pressure exerted in the liquid in section A_{1} = F_{1}/A_{1}

So, F_{1}/A_{1} = F_{2}/A_{2}. Since pressure is evenly transmitted.

So F_{2} = F_{1}(A_{2}/A_{1}).

So F_{2} can be multiplied by manipulating the ratio (A_{2}/A_{1}).

In the case of hydraulic brakes, the brake pedal is connected to a piston smaller that the piston to which the brake pads are connected. The force from the push on the brake pedal is transmitted in a brake fluid to the larger piston connected to the brake pads. The increased force at the brake pad slows the tires down.

(b) Pascal's Principle is in action wherever hydraulic devices are in use. hydraulic chairs in barbers' shops, auto lifts, rescue ladders are some common examples of hydraulic devices.

Some living organisms such as the sea anemone and earthworm have natural hydraulic devices. The goal is always to multiply force.

Math

The *point* **.** is a mathematical abstraction. It has negligible size and a great sense of position. Consequently, it is front and center in abstract existential reasoning.

Derivation Of The Area Of A Circle, A Sector Of A Circle And A Circular Ring

Derivation Of The Area Of A Trapezoid, A Rectangle And A Triangle

Derivation Of The Area Of An Ellipse

Derivation Of Volume Of A Cylinder

Derivation Of Volume Of A Sphere

Derivation Of Volume Of A Cone

Derivation Of Volume Of A Torus

Derivation Of Volume Of A Paraboloid

Volume Obtained By Revolving The Curve y = x^{2} About The X Axis

Single Variable Functions

Absolute Value Functions

Conics

Real Numbers

Vector Spaces

Equation Of The Ascent Path Of An Airplane

Calculating Capacity Of A Video Adapter Board Memory

Probability Density Functions

Boolean Algebra - Logic Functions

Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs)

Infinite Sequences And Series

Introduction To Group Theory

Advanced Calculus - Partial Derivatives

Advanced Calculus - General Charateristics Of Partial Differential Equations

Advanced Calculus - Jacobians

Advanced Calculus - Solving PDEs By The Method Of Separation Of Variables

Advanced Calculus - Fourier Series

Advanced Calculus - Multiple Integrals

Production Schedule That Maximizes Profit Given Constraint Equation

Separation Of Variables As Solution Method For Homogeneous Heat Flow Equation

Newton And Fourier Cooling Laws Applied To Heat Flow Boundary Conditions

Fourier Series

Derivation Of Heat Equation For A One-Dimensional Heat Flow

Homogenizing-Non-Homogeneous-Time-Varying-IBVP-Boundary-Condition

The Universe is composed of *matter* and *radiant energy*. *Matter* is any kind of *mass-energy* that moves with velocities less than the velocity of light. *Radiant energy* is any kind of *mass-energy* that moves with the velocity of light.

Periodic Table

Composition And Structure Of Matter

How Matter Gets Composed

How Matter Gets Composed (2)

Molecular Structure Of Matter

Molecular Shapes: Bond Length, Bond Angle

Molecular Shapes: Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion

Molecular Shapes: Orbital Hybridization

Molecular Shapes: Sigma Bonds Pi Bonds

Molecular Shapes: Non ABn Molecules

Molecular Orbital Theory

More Pj Problem Strings